• Uk Make UP: The United Kingdom consists of England, Wales, Scotland (which together make up Great Britain) and Northern Ireland.
    • UK & England Capital: London
    • Wales: Cardiff
    • Scotland: Edinburgh
    • Northern Ireland: Belfast

  • Population of UK: Estimated around 63 million of which (England: 53 million, Scotland: 5.3 million, Wales: 3 million, Northern Ireland: 1.8 million).
  • Land area: About 95,000 square miles (245,000 square kilometres), stretching from the Shetland Islands off the north coast of Scotland, down to the Isles of Scilly in south west England, and across the sea to Northern Ireland.
  • Heritage: UK history dates back to 6500 BC. All over the UK you will find monuments marking its history, from Stonehenge to Buckingham Palace. The UK is also home to over 28 cultural and natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Heritage Cities including Edinburgh, Bath, Canterbury, Chester, Durham, Oxford, Stratford-upon-Avon, York etc.
  • UK Economy: The UK is one of the world’s leading business locations in Europe. UK is one of the top ten manufacturers in the world and has the largest industries in Europe for Life Sciences, ICT and the Creative Industries.
  • Languages Spoken: English is spoken throughout the UK, but there are other official languages too, such as Welsh, Scots and Gaelic.
  • UK Money: pounds sterling.
  • Religion in UK: The main religion in the UK is Christianity. However, the UK is a multi-faith society where other religions are widely welcomed and accepted.
  • UK Government: The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy – this means that the government is elected by the people. There is an election once every five years. The Prime Minister leads the government with the support of the cabinet and ministers. The UK is also a member of the European Union.
  • The central UK government, there are three ‘devolved administrations’ for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. They are responsible for many domestic policy issues such as health, education, culture, the environment and transport.
  • The royal family: The Queen is Head of State in the United Kingdom. As a constitutional monarch, Her Majesty does not ‘rule’ the country, but the royal family fulfils important ceremonial and formal roles with respect to Government.
  • The UK Law: There may be some differences between the law in your country and the law in the UK. For example, in the UK:
    • You must not use or carry any illegal drugs, including cannabis, ecstasy, LSD or amphetamines.
    • It is illegal to carry self-defence CS gas sprays, guns or stun guns. There are also very strict laws and penalties around carrying knives.
    • You must be aged 18 or over to buy tobacco and alcohol.
    • You should never buy property that you think might be stolen, no matter how tempting it seems.
    • It is illegal to drive a car without the correct driving licence and without car insurance. Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol is a serious offence. Find out more in our Travel section.
    • etc.